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Russia has primarily form an

The second theory, develop by Maria Todorova , establishes a «relative synchronicity within the framework of a longue durée development(Long duration)”. By situat various European nationalisms in a unifi structure of modernity, Todorova avoids the discourse of “backwardness” and defines the “East”—Eastern Europe, the Balkans, and Russia—as part of a common European space.1. Both theories stress the fundamentally European character of Russia and neither disputes the country’s peripheral position. Russia’s relative subalternity with respect to Europe seems inevitable simply because she has never generat her own vision of modernity, but instead has adopt a European vision.

From this arose a persistent dilemma that

Russian intellectuals – the so-call intelligentsia – have suffer for the last 200 years. Accord to the American historian Alan Pollard , “the elements that made up his consciousness were mostly Western products. So precisely those qualities Italy Phone Number List of the intelligentsiathat gave them the ability to understand – that is, what constitutes their essence – distanc this group from the reality of life in the country, which they precisely had to portray»2. Furthermore, to recognize that Russia’s modern intellectual tradition is an imitation and that the country is culturally dependent on.

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Europe runs counter to the idea of ​​Russian greatness

In the imagination of the country’s rul elites, throughout its history, alternative power center pursu a global and universal ‘project’, like the Orthodox Romanov Empire or the Soviet Empire. See Russia in a student role made the country appear as B2C Lead a junior partner in the European power concert. From the Pan-Slavic vision of Russia as an originary “cultural-historical type” to the reinvention of the country as an autonomous world within classical Eurasianism, the struggle with this double dilemma has always shap the discourses of the Russian intelligentsia on the nation and international position throughout the 19th and 20th centuries.

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